At the Intersection of Obesity and HIT
We Americans are on a very terrifying path, health-wise, based on the latest obesity projections from RWJF.
Medical “innovations” around the obesity epidemic are unsettling, to say the least. Most recently, Dean Kamen (of Segway fame) filed a patent for a self-serve Stomach-Pumping Machine.
Disturbing medical devices aside, what does the obesity crisis mean to healthcare IT (HIT)? Yes, increasing obesity rates means more metabolic syndrome, more intervention, more biometric data,more data stored in EHRs, more HIE to share that data, more clinical analytics and care coordination software, …
Does this sound interesting to you? In my research I am more focused on how technological innovation can function as a solution to the obesity crisis. First let’s consider the payers — the large, innovative ones who continue to rally for behavior change.
Payer-sponsored behavior change programs have never sustained results in the long term, but this doesn’t stop the early adopters from soldiering on. For our 2012 Payer Benchmark Report, we profiled several large, innovative payers working to engage their members and the public through low-cost consumer technologies.
Some interesting new developments in this space include:
If payer apps can’t motivate widespread weight loss, then maybe the consumer space can? Consumer companies are currently busy developing software and testing out motivational models on the fly. This is not exactly the scientific method but it works for small agile environments…and is definitely something that large payers are less adept at.
There is a belief among many of the quantified-self set that just the act of presenting health data to the consumer affects behavior change. I seriously doubt this, and believe that consumer health startups have played a miniscule role in affecting real behavior change. So far, they have provided diet and exercise fanatics better tools to fuel their obsession.
In order to reach the ‘bottom of the pyramid’, must we then dole out dollars for weight loss? I recently spoke with Gregory Coleman, one of the founders of nExercise, which offers a gamified “rewards program” where users randomly accumulate points, similar to a lottery, which can be applied towards real world discounts.
(nExercise is also the driving force behind the recently formed FITco, or ‘Founders In Technology Combating Obesity’. FITco functions as a place for founders to form data sharing/interoperability partnerships, and aggregate marketing dollars).
Talking with Gregory, I found myself better understanding the challenges these consumer companies are up against as they seek to move beyond their core base. In offering financial incentives, they must spark interest without destroying intrinsic motivation. Framing financial incentives in term of ‘rewards’ and ‘discounts’ helps, but the real goal is to wean users off of them.
Several academic studies have shown that a combination of financial incentives, social support, and coaching from a trusted ally, produced significant behavior change, at least in the short term.
I can imagine a day when I seamlessly upload exercise and diet related data into a CarePass-type platform, where:
Hmmm, what is that distant feeling of unease, the feeling like I am a pawn in someone else’s Grand Plan? It might have something to do with the complete loss of privacy around my data. However, if those premium discounts are steep enough, I can live with that.
Whether we get people sharing their health data or tempt them with financial incentives for weight loss, the systematic nature of the obesity problem remains a force to contend with. In the end it will be up to all of us to push back against the institutions that make us fat. Seeking out motivational consumer solutions is a low cost place to start.
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